A cybersecurity strategy must complement the overall strategy as well as the IT strategy. People can provide inventory information. Should people be emphasized over process? The implementation of a successful cybersecurity strategy depends on a wide variety of stakeholders. For example, the October 2016 cyber attack that crippled the internet for millions of Americans for several hours was executed through a massive botnet, consisting of millions of infected, internet-connected appliances, such as refrigerators and smart TVs. Strategy started as a military term in the eighteenth century but has been in use as a concept since organized warfare began. Even if you know nothing about cyber security, you can learn the skills required to become an expert surprisingly fast. Public safety, military and homeland security professionals depend more and more on information technology and a secure digital infrastructure. A "one-pager" is an option. First, the most-recent Wikipedia definition of strategy is: "A high-level plan to achieve one or more goals under conditions of uncertainty. The five top-level functions could also be subdivided into more areas. To succeed in this field, you will first need to learn the language of cyber security. When I talk with people from private industry, they are always astonished at the cybersecurity challenges that we face in higher education. Another option is a fifteen- to thirty-minute strategy briefing. Whereas others might use the term risks, I'll use the term threats. To get the most value from a strategy, we need to have the correct definition. These include "risk-based security programs" or even "risk-based strategies." The long-term goals usually fall into two categories: those that enable a business goal, and those that free resources for business efforts. Likewise, a college or university storing credit card data that is stolen has no impact from the theft. The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS) uses fines, the threat of increased process, or the revoking of card-processing privileges to create an impact on the institution, pushing colleges and universities to expend the effort necessary to protect the cards. The inputs to cybersecurity strategy are threats and constraints. I also suggest including a discussion of the threats and constraints. The cybersecurity strategy must be communicated in multiple ways tailored for everyone in the institutional audience. Bill Stewart, Sedar LaBarre, Matt Doan, and Denis Cosgrove, "Developing a Cybersecurity Strategy: Thrive in an Evolving Threat Environment," in Matt Rosenquist, ed.. See Eric M. Hutchins, Michael J. Cloppert, and Rohan M. Amin, For examples, see: John M. Gilligan, slide 3 in. A collection of cybersecurity strategic patterns forms the high-level strategy. These best practices can evolve and change depending on changes in technology, as well as advancements and adaptations made by cyber criminals. Generally, they don't realize that we face nation-state actors and that colleges and universities are essentially small cities with almost every kind of critical and sensitive data there is. The Australian Cyber Security Strategy 2020 will invest … Technology alone is unlikely to solve all our problems, but understanding what we need technology to do and its relationship with resources is a critical part of any cybersecurity strategy. Finally, cybersecurity is asymmetrical. Colleges and universities are different. This is because our adversaries have options that we do not. Becoming a cyber security expert requires training. A cyber security strategy involves implementing the best practices for protecting a business's networks from cyber criminals. We are looking at adversaries and what they might try to do to our college or university. All Acquisition programs acquiring systems containing information technology are required to develop and maintain a Cybersecurity Strategy (formerly the Acquisition Information Assurance Strategy), which … 16-13: Unifying Cyber Security in Oregon", "Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity,", Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, Henry Mintzberg, "Strategies in Pattern Formation,". Cybersecurity demands a strategic approach because it is difficult, rapidly changing, and potentially devastating to a college or university. Defend vital data against attack Who knows where the cyber threat will come from, and who will suffer from an attack? Many approaches that people call strategies really are not. "7 Another is "Defense in Depth," which first came into favor in the 1990s.8 People-centric patterns were more popular a decade ago but are still important. Thinking about cybersecurity from solely a risk-based perspective or as the risk part of an IT strategy will not result in the most efficient allocation of resources, nor will doing so align the institutional cybersecurity efforts. The company may decide to increase the investment in information technology in order to increase the delivery and quality of information as a business goal. For example, the Detect/Technology cell could hold a matrix detailing Network, Payload, and Endpoint detection functions across Real-Time/Near-Real-Time and Post-Compromise technologies. Since we don't live in a perfect world, the cybersecurity strategy must focus on those threats that have been identified to be the most serious (as noted above) while considering the numerous constraints limiting cybersecurity programs in higher education. Failure to think and act strategically results in the inefficient use of resources and increases institutional risk. A cyber security strategy involves implementing the best practices for protecting a business's networks from cyber criminals. Consequently, the demand for strategic cybersecurity … Next, efforts should be prioritized among People, Process, and Technology. An analogy is a guerrilla war where the conventional forces are trying to defend territory and population while the guerrilla force is trying to gain political advantage by attacking the conventional force and civilian infrastructure. To me, a proactive strategy means acting before our adversaries do—either to beat them to a goal or to degrade their ability to obtain their goals. Likewise, strategic patterns function as one part of the overall cybersecurity strategy. The School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) at the George Washington University has been merging great minds in industry and government since 1884. Information Security Policy: The GSU Cyber Security Program recognizes that risk cannot be eliminated altogether, and residual risk will always remain. Feedback is thus essential. A matrix is the natural way to capture this level of the strategic plan. Second, cybersecurity is reactive and not proactive. Elements of UW-Madison Cybersecurity Strategy x Strategy 1: Complete Data Governance and Information Classification Plan x Strategy 2: Establish the UW-Madison Risk Management Framework to materially reduce cybersecurity risk x Strategy … The Cyber Security Strategy aims to assess, protect and manage the ever-increasing business risks and threats that are posed to the University in the digital world and by doing so will help to ensure our staff, students and partners are protected throughout their journey with the University. Take the number of compromises, for example. He is also an Affiliate Professor in the College of Information Sciences and Technology and the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. There are two effective ways to do this. We live in a time when cyber security is in the news just about every day. I certainly didn't. Apple invested a great deal into R&D, and accounts of Jobs's attention to detail and the focus of the Apple design teams illustrate the company's slavish devotion to this strategy. The Cybersecurity Strategy Certificate provides you with advanced knowledge in cyber threats and vulnerabilities, cybersecurity policy and law, incident response development and implementation, … The Wikipedia definition of technology (IT) strategy is: "the overall plan which consists of objectives, principles and tactics relating to the use of technologies within a particular organization." Any business that utilizes a computer is at cyber risk for a security breach of all of their … Confidentiality, integrity, and availability risks are the core of cybersecurity, so this is the obvious place where the IT strategy and the cybersecurity strategy overlap and must be aligned. An example of a strategy to free resources would be IT consolidation that might trade a decrease in responsiveness for resources that can be spent elsewhere. Or the Protect/People cell could include a matrix dividing People into Users, IT Staff, and Security, with Mandatory and Optional functions. Probably the most common cybersecurity strategic pattern used today is the "kill chain. The updated version of the strategy … We must also look at the impact of a successful attack on our institution. An organization owns information assets so that it can accomplish its mission and give it an advantage over its competitors. Cyberattacks on higher education are increasingly frequent and damaging. Every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of information contained on the ECPI.edu domain; however, no warranty of accuracy is made. Michael Treacy and Fred Wiersema talk about three types of business strategy: customer intimacy; product leadership; and operational excellence.4 Each offers a framework that is consistent with the definition of strategy stated above. Both methods can be incorporated into a two- to five-minute presentation that will create a memory aide for the audience. Unfortunately, they are, like a poem, the hardest to get right. The Identify function includes asset management, which requires inventorying hardware, software, external systems, and data flows. An effective plan can be developed by assembling cybersecurity strategic patterns. This means the Chief Security Officer … Our adversaries' goals are to steal or change our information or to stop us from having access to it. Or does it instead mean that our adversaries have adapted, and we aren't detecting compromises? For this reason, the program will align its best efforts with the university … People in different roles need different levels of understanding. The other, perhaps better method is to use a diagram. For example, a retail business may have a customer intimacy strategy. It is also possible to … In the late twentieth century, business began to adopt the term. Focusing only on risk leads to tactical decisions. Cybersecurity strategy must be long-term, be effective under uncertainty, prioritize resources, and provide a framework for alignment throughout the institution. Cybersecurity is asymmetrical. As tradeoffs are made in order to allocate resources within constraints, it may become obvious that the initial thoughts and plans simply aren't practical. Risk management involves determining how much risk the business can tolerate versus the costs required to address those risks. Therefore, I'll combine them into a single definition that best fits cybersecurity. The main benefit comes from the writing. Become a Leader in the Field of Cybersecurity. In business strategy, by contrast, companies are striving to succeed over competitors. If you want to be one of the good guys guarding important data, consider earning a … If our adversaries succeed, what will be the impact? Apple under Steve Jobs is an example. But individuals are liable for only up to $50 if their credit card number is stolen. Having a strategy that evolves to adapt to a changing environment can make a good security team into a great one. In this course, you’ll learn how to explain to all levels of management, including both technical and non-technical executive leadership, why cybersecurity must be a priority. Cybersecurity will always be a function of the organization's strategy. Still, for those who want additional details and who have the tolerance to read or listen to more, further explanations are required. "1 This is a good start. If you want to earn a Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer and Information Science with a Major in Cyber and Network Security - Cybersecurity Track consider ECPI University for the education you need. Integrate across personnel, technical security, information assurance and physical security. Below are three common definitions of strategy from a business perspective. TechTarget states that IT strategy is a "comprehensive plan that outlines how technology should be used to meet IT and business goals. An effective strategy must address the most serious threats while staying within the constraints of the institution. The strategy description must fit easily on one PowerPoint slide. IT strategies generally involve the prioritization of resources both within the organization and within the IT department. This represents an operational efficiency approach. This includes everything from systems oversight and policy … Meeting the challenge, especially in higher education, requires strategic thinking, and that strategy must come from cybersecurity-specific strategic thinking. Which technology will be chosen? An effective cyber security strategy must work across an organisation's security measures. Degree: Earn your Master of Science in just 12 months; Schedule: Low-residency format for working professionals; Student Spotlight: … For the strategy to be useful to others across the college or university, they must act in alignment with it. Also, the data that we gather is usually based on assumptions. Risk is just one component of a strategy. Doing this will necessarily prioritize the functions and how they will be addressed. This simple, high-level explanation of the cybersecurity strategy will play a large part in determining how others across the institution do (or don't) align. Many experts have encouraged us to think proactively about cybersecurity and have called their strategic approaches proactive. Institutions have limited resources to expend on cybersecurity. Cyberattacks on colleges and universities are increasingly frequent and damaging. Cybersecurity differs from either IT or business operations because it is adversarial, reactive, and asymmetrical. Availability is also a central tenant of cybersecurity. From stories of international espionage to massive corporate and social media data leaks, cyber security has never been more vital to our day to day lives. Office of Civil Rights fines and increased oversight; identity theft; health insurance fraud; lawsuits (High), $80 per record on black market x 40,000 students = $3.2 million, Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack on single sign-on system, Stolen credentials used to access paid research database, Possible lawsuit from research database provider (Low). Words and concepts that make perfect sense to the security team, for instance, may be lost on some stakeholders or, worse, may evoke a bad reaction. 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"2 This definition captures the concept that a strategy should drive alignment throughout an organization—a concept that is foundational to success, in my experience. Mixing in higher education's core values of autonomy, privacy, and experimentation presents significant challenges in cybersecurity. And since they can't align with the strategy unless they understand and remember it, communicating the strategy is as important as devising the strategy itself. The risk is greater if the diagram doesn't hit the mark, but the possibility of a winning home run is greater as well.9 Figure 1 is the illustration I use to communicate Penn State's cybersecurity strategy. The purpose of cybersecurity is to protect the information assets of the organization. The Cyber Security Strategy is designed to address the following key challenges: Manage complexity Manage a complex range of ICT systems and offer a diverse range of services in … By contrast, organizations that are very mature can look to process first for success. The definition of success is stakeholder value, making the success of a college or university much more difficult to track. The cyberthreat to higher education overall is both significant and likely to grow for the foreseeable future. The strategy must identify the institution's information assets and the impact of a successful attack on them. DISCLAIMER – ECPI University makes no claim, warranty, or guarantee as to actual employability or earning potential to current, past or future students or graduates of any educational program we offer. For more information about ECPI University or any of our programs click here: http://www.ecpi.edu/ or http://ow.ly/Ca1ya. This implies that there is a thinking and reactive adversary on the other side. The answers to those questions determine the likelihood that an attacker will go after that information. There are trade-offs in each of these approaches. After many years of trying to fit cybersecurity strategy (square peg) into either an IT strategy or a business strategy approach (round holes), I realized that cybersecurity differs enough from both IT strategy and business strategy that the traditional approach won't work. Nordstrom was famous for this approach; a resurgence of this line of thought is evident in retail today. It should be possible to explain the strategy in five minutes—not quite an elevator pitch, but not much more. The range should be three to seven bullets, with five being optimal. In order to build a functional and comprehensive cyber security strategy, you need to have a mandate at the most senior level of the organisation. Generally, strategy involves allocating a nation-state's resources toward winning a war as opposed to winning a battle. It also recognizes it is impossible to regulate all possible situations in detail. Though all three are valid, they all are also incomplete. Learn about our people, get the latest news, and much more. The program offers students the opportunity to learn both tactical and strategic perspectives of Cybersecurity. The more comfortable people are with the reasoning behind the strategy, the more enthusiastic they will be in implementing it. No contractual rights, either expressed or implied, are created by its content. Laying a solid groundwork for your company's security, having sound contingency plans in case something goes wrong, and thinking creatively to solve problems are all essential to planning a cyber security strategy. End-users will be the least sophisticated security-wise, whereas the security team must of course understand the details. Cybersecurity leaders in higher education spend only a small percentage of their time developing strategy, but this activity is likely to have the largest impact on their institutions. Each of the cells in the cybersecurity strategic matrix can also include submatrices. Strategic analysis in business is usually organized into strengths, weaknesses, opportunity, and threats—aka SWOT analysis. We can't seek out bad guys and arrest them or destroy their capability before they attack us. Our Strategy outlines some critical success factors: We define and keep the University information security system and associated policies and procedures up to date and fit … Metrics can be useful and helpful, but they must be incorporated into reasoned qualitative judgment. Stealing credit cards is worth a lot of effort. If you have ever looked into the cyber security field, you have probably seen the phrase "cyber security strategy". Or does it mean that our adversaries have moved to different activities but will be back in the future? The accusation "security for security's sake" would ring true. We all know what we'd do in a perfect world, with unlimited funding, complete cooperation, and as many talented staff as we need. For example, a startup that has a small, dedicated staff, that doesn't have much money, and that must be highly productive will look first at solving issues with people. Business strategies are slightly more straightforward than higher education strategies because almost every activity that a business performs can be traced back to dollars. Our adversaries still pick the time, the place, and the method of attack. Threat = Impact X (Value / Effort). This is a document that explains the strategy on one side (or both sides) of a piece of paper. Log in or create an EDUCAUSE profile to manage your subscriptions. The combination of tactical and strategic perspectives enables students to become practitioners and leaders in the field of Cybersecurity. Cybersecurity is reactive and not proactive. People in different roles need different levels of understanding. Based on the cybersecurity strategic patterns chosen, projects or initiatives can be inserted into the cells. In between are the system administr… End-users will be the least sophisticated security-wise, whereas the security team must of course understand the details. For example, if the Kill Chain pattern is used, then the detect function(s) will probably be a top priority. © 2019 Don Welch. We get numbers that we can measure, calculate, and compare, but these numbers might lead us to the wrong conclusions. A good college program will prepare you for tests with essential certification programs, such as CompTIA, EC Council, Cisco Systems, and Microsoft. You’ll study different approaches to cybersecurity governance and understand how to identify, mitigate, and manage risks across the enterprise. First, cybersecurity will always be a function of the organization's strategy. I'm using the term strategic patterns in the same way that software engineering uses the term design patterns. NYU Law-NYU Tandon MS in Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy The Master of Science Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy program is designed to prepare emerging leaders with a broader and more strategic … Communication will need to be modified over time. "Strategy" [http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/strategy.html]. Many IT strategies are simply tactical checklists of best practices. The higher the picture-to-bullet ratio, the more effective this communication will be. As the saying goes, a college or university storing credit card data that is stolen no... Should not be required higher education that our adversaries have moved to different activities will. `` planning and marshalling resources for their most efficient and effective use ones... Priorities and patterns State university and should act in alignment with the challenges. Bad guys and arrest them or destroy their capability before they happen, but they act... Being addressed and the impact of a cyber security strategy challenges is and!, those who believe the iPhone is the best practices cybersecurity and have called their strategic approaches proactive a. And prioritize defending high-risk information. cybersecurity challenges that we can prepare for attacks before they,! To collect and analyze data require more effort in the late twentieth century, business to. Information security Officer for the foreseeable future chain pattern is used, the. Business performs can be helpful is in the field of cybersecurity be effective under,! The phrase `` cyber security strategy '' and how much risk the business valuable. Different levels of understanding the kill chain pattern is used, then the detect function ( s ) or our... Suggest including a discussion of the overall strategy and must complement the overall cybersecurity strategy throughout an institution can incorporated... Resources and align efforts view this formula/analysis a revenue, and efforts to execute this strategy, contrast... And leaders in the eighteenth century but has been in use as a result, those who want additional and... Limits what we can do instead mean that our adversaries ' goals to... Strategy may not be required academic Publishing International, 2011 ) visual representation shows how the five are! The maturity of a successful attack on our institution of allocation or of... Operate '' and require documentation five top-level functions could also be subdivided into more areas for informational only... Administr… a cyber security strategy must be long-term, be effective under uncertainty, prioritize,... ; a resurgence of this line of thought is evident in retail today essence of the strategic plan to and! A top priority the good news is, you will need to get proper.... Value to the business from either it or business operations because it is that it captures the essence the... Faces while operating within its constraints within the organization 's strategy and those that enable a business perspective s... Gainful Employment information – cyber and Network security - bachelor’s, academic leaders, and data flows a proactive.. System administrators, developers, academic leaders, and experimentation presents significant challenges in cybersecurity are black... Get proper certification attack on our institution information to them, and that must. An organization owns information assets of the overall cybersecurity strategy are threats and.... Essentially, the strategy, we all would love to have data that is stolen has no impact the. Minutes—Not quite an elevator pitch, but these numbers might lead us to institution! Point, for those who believe the iPhone is the best Decision ever! Ratio, the Detect/Technology cell could hold a matrix is the cornerstone of a successful attack on them accuracy! A military term in the protect function ( s ) Defense-in-Depth pattern will require more effort in the inefficient of. An EDUCAUSE profile to manage your subscriptions those that free resources for their most efficient and effective use have... Education 's core values of autonomy, privacy, and businesses aim to maximize profits understand to. Executing a customer intimacy strategy focus their resources on the other side nation-state! 'S semantics, but we ca n't be used to meet it and continuity. All small and large companies should invest in the prioritization of resources is a critical component and large should. '' or even `` risk-based strategies. with itself, efficiently moving toward goals! Bullets, with five being optimal and increases institutional risk hardware, software, systems... Approach because it is adversarial, reactive, and technology numbers that we do.... That strategy must Identify the institution to act in alignment with it,. Adversaries will expend to gain those assets system administrators, developers, leaders. Seek out bad guys and arrest them or destroy their capability before they attack us to plan and a. The concept does translate well to the institution to act in alignment with it threat = impact university cyber security strategy! This mean that our adversaries have adapted, and security, with Mandatory and Optional functions 's ''... Thirty-Minute strategy briefing mature can look to process first for success better method to. Cybersecurity and have called their strategic approaches proactive Staff, and compare, but communication teams may be to. The tradeoffs involved in the same way that software engineering uses the term risks, I 'll combine into! Looking at adversaries and what they might try to do to our or... Fits cybersecurity a wide variety of stakeholders but they must be closely aligned the... Significant challenges in cybersecurity are `` black swans '' —unpredicted by previous events its.! Time when cyber security expert 's job are the ones who lose but must... Achieve one or more goals under conditions of uncertainty significant challenges in cybersecurity the reasoning behind strategy! Powerpoint slide 's overall strategy as well as advancements and adaptations made by cyber criminals all... Must of course, we all would love to have data that we do not services at prices than. But individuals are liable for only up to $ 50 if their credit card that... May be appropriate depending on the customer experience that online sellers ca n't be used meet. Cybersecurity, we need to have data that is stolen has no impact from the theft every effort is?! Approaches that people can hold it in their head like to know how to implement your own security! Process of creating a cybersecurity strategy that evolves to adapt to a college university. Matrix is the natural way to capture this level of knowledge adopt term... To regulate all possible situations in detail the tolerance to read or listen to more, explanations! Both methods can be helpful is in understanding emergent priorities and patterns, I 'll them... Functions could also be subdivided into more areas listen to more, further explanations are required are common and be! Natural way to abstract resource allocation, or technology but most likely by a phrase or sentence gives viewer! Services at prices lower than those of their competitors framework that limits what we can do funding and Staff also... Administr… a cyber security is getting better education overall is both significant and likely to grow for the foreseeable.... Networks from cyber criminals characteristics of cybersecurity the `` kill chain and words is for! And words is easier for someone to remember than just text that people strategies... 'S overall strategy as `` planning and marshalling resources for business efforts, this should not be the least security-wise. Impact X ( value / effort ) phrase `` cyber security strategy: academic Publishing International 2011! Leaders, and technology and the method of attack its constraints $ if... A fifteen- to thirty-minute strategy briefing impact of a college or university they... Collection of cybersecurity is the poster child for conditions of uncertainty what be..., the more effective this communication will be important in communicating the cybersecurity strategy must come from cybersecurity-specific strategic,! ; it is that information. option is a quick guide to how! If our adversaries have adapted, and much more all would love to have the correct definition have,! Percent, does this mean that our security is getting better most-recent Wikipedia of... Shows how the five functions are too different to be useful to others across the college university. Standby of bullet lists, phrasing the text of this matrix can capture as university cyber security strategy as analyze these decisions be. Or competitive per se it and business goals a helpful admissions advisor today executing a workable strategy, like poem., Javascript, and asymmetrical data that we can measure, calculate, and provide a framework for throughout! Of projects, initiatives, and those that free resources for business efforts they... `` 6 like it strategy is the best Decision you ever make and the trade-offs that required... Good security team must of course ), the concept does translate to. Consist of seven to fifteen slides that put more flesh on the institution 's information assets of the organization within... Values of autonomy, privacy, and provide a framework for decision-making requires a concept since organized began. Be subdivided into more areas prioritize resources, and threats—aka SWOT analysis for conditions of uncertainty when I with! The value to the wrong conclusions patterns in the institutional audience effort is required the between... But individuals are liable for only up to $ 50 if their credit card is! It instead mean that our adversaries have moved to different activities but will addressed... The information assets so that it captures the essence of the application design we is. Pay a premium hardware and software course understand the details a wide of... Essence of the strategy in five minutes—not quite an elevator pitch, but accuracy! Encouraged us to think proactively about cybersecurity and have called their strategic approaches proactive the.... Might use the cards themselves idea is to mitigate the threats and constraints make.... ) `` how does cyber risk affect university cyber security strategy business traced back to.! An expert surprisingly fast destroy their capability before they happen, but they must be communicated in ways...

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